All graduate students, including part-time students, must complete the following courses within the first month after their admission to graduate studies at McMaster: SGS 101 / Academic Research Integrity and Ethics and the SGS 201 / Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act (AODA). The purpose of SGS 101 is to ensure that the standards and expectations of academic integrity and research ethics are communicated early and are understood by incoming students. The purpose of SGS 201 is to ensure that students gain an understanding of, and learn how to identify and reduce attitudinal, structural, informational, technological, and systemic barriers to persons with disabilities. A graduate student may not obtain a graduate degree at McMaster without having passed these courses. In the event that a student fails either course, he/she must retake it at the earliest opportunity. The course descriptions for SGS 101 and SGS 201 may be found in Section 11.